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What you should know about skin cancer

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    Many people are looking forward to summer to enjoy the sun. People need to understand that the sun is not a friend and ally of health, it is considered an enemy to human skin. Like anything, we must take it with moderation and caution. Exposure to ultraviolet rays – UV – from the sun is the main cause of skin cancer. In addition, these rays are responsible for wrinkles and other signs of aging.

     Do you want to have 30-year-old skin when you’re 40? The key is to remember to protect yourself from the sun. Although, during youth, the damage caused by the sun is not obvious, later they become obvious.

     Nowadays many people suffer from skin cancer. There are 3 cases of skin cancer. These are:

  • Basal cell or basal cell carcinoma. This type of skin cancer is the most common, and occurs when cells in the lower layer of the epidermis grow abnormally.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma. In this type of skin cancer, there are changes in the squamous cells that are found in the middle layer of the skin.
  • And last but not least, melanoma. It is the least common compared to the other 2 types of cancer, but it is also the most dangerous and has the most lives. It grows in melanocytes, which are the cells that produce pigment.

     Specialists in the field say that the first 2 types of cancer are also found under the name of “non-melanomas” and can be treated if found early. Meanwhile, melanoma is much more dangerous and, if left untreated, can spread quickly to other organs in the body and can be fatal.

     People need to know that exposure to ultraviolet rays is the main cause of these cancers. In addition, you should keep in mind that tanning beds also pose a serious risk to skin health. It is also important to note that sun exposure in the winter months is just as harmful as in the summer. So he didn’t trust you!

     Do you think that people with dark skin do not suffer from skin cancer? This is a myth. While it is true that there are risk factors that make some people more prone to developing it, skin cancer can affect anyone. However, here are the factors that increase the risk:

  • You have clear skin
  • Genetics: if there is a family history of skin cancer.
  • Age: Skin cancer – especially the non-melanoma type – is more common after the age of 40.
  • Sun exposure and sunburn.

     After introducing you to the risk factors, you may be wondering if there is any way to prevent this cancer. Today there are many ways to prevent these types of cancer, some of which are the use of sunscreen.

     This protection should be applied 30 minutes before sun exposure and then after a few hours. In addition, to prevent skin cancer it is recommended:

  • Do your best not to stay in the sun between 10-15
  • Use cosmetics that have a UV protection factor in their composition.
  • Wear dark glasses with UV protection.
  • Familiarize yourself with the skin to detect discoloration or existing moles.