Contrast baths are a technique based on the use of hot and cold water, alternatively. It is used more for the treatment of extremities but in some cases and for the rest of the body.
With these baths, vasoconstriction and dermal vasodilation can be caused successively. All this creates a stimulation of the local circulation at the level of the member receiving the treatment. With this stimulation of the circulation a better recovery of the damaged areas is obtained because all the necessary nutrients and fibers regenerate better.
This procedure is performed with the help of 2 containers containing water at different temperatures. The first container will have hot water, between 38 and 44ºC, and another cold water, between 10 and 20ºC.
How is this procedure performed?
This procedure will begin by immersing the limb to be treated in hot water. Then we will keep the tip in hot water for 6-7 minutes and change into cold water for 1 to 3 minutes. Water alternation will be done for 30 minutes. Some people say that the completion of this procedure is done with cold water.
Indications of contrasting lows are:
- inflammation in arthritis of the peripheral joints
- it is also used for ankle or wrist sprains
- has the role of stretching the muscle
- speed up recovery from injury
- reduces edema
The benefits of contrast baths are:
- Increased blood flow
- reduction of edema
- stimulation of the nervous system
- and last but not least the rigidity decrease.
When you want to make these baths it is advisable to go to a specialist, as there are certain cases where their use is not recommended. To be avoided in cases of venous ulcers, phlebitis, thrombophlebitis and any other circulation problems or in microangiopathy secondary to diabetes and hypersensitivity to cold.